Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment

Peripheral Arterial Disease Treatment and Testing

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) or Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a disease primarily of the lower limb blood vessels characterized by narrowing and hardening of the arteries that supply the legs and feet. The decreased blood flow can lead to nerve and tissue damage over time, non-healing wounds or infections.
PAD/PVD is a widely prevalent, seriously under-diagnosed, and under-treated disease.

PAD/PVD has a gradual onset, initially asymptomatic until secondary complications develop. Surprisingly, 50 percent of people with PAD have no symptoms while 40 to 50 percent may present with atypical, nonspecific leg complaints.

Although Peripheral Arterial Disease is serious, it is treatable. Treatment may slow or stop disease progress and reduce the risk of complications. Treatments may include lifestyle changes, quitting smoking, medication, minimally invasive procedures, or surgical treatment.

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SYMPTOMS OF Peripheral Arterial Disease


Leg pain or cramping with activity

Intermittent Claudication

Weak or absent peripheral pulses

Pallor or cyanosis in feet or lower legs

Peripheral numbness

Cool extremities

Minimal to no hair growth on extremities

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Doppler Ultrasound

A Doppler ultrasound evaluates blood flow in the major arteries and veins in the limbs. During this test, a handheld probe is placed on your body and passed back and forth over the affected area. A computer converts sound waves into a picture of blood flow in the arteries and veins. The results of this test can show whether a blood vessel is blocked. The results also can help show the severity of PAD.


An arteriogram provides a “road map” of the arteries. Doctors use this test to find the exact location and extent of the narrowing of a blocked artery.

For this test, a dye is injected through a catheter (tube) into one of your arteries. This may make you feel mildly flushed. After the dye is injected, x-rays of the area are taken. The images can show the location, type, and extent of the blockage in the artery.


A newer method of imaging blood vessels that uses a tiny ultrasound probe on a catheter inserted into the blood vessel. The probe provides ultrasound images of the insides of the blood vessels. This method is called intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).

Balloon Angioplasty/Stenting

A procedure in which your physician inserts a balloon catheter into a narrowed portion of an artery. Expanding the balloon compresses the plaque against the artery wall and reduces the blockage, expanding the artery to its natural size. The balloon and catheter are then removed. The expansion of the artery greatly improves blood flow through the artery. Sometimes, a metal device called a stent is left in the artery to improve the chances that the blood vessel will stay open.

Percutaneous or Laser Atherectomy

A procedure in which an interventional radiologist inserts a specialized catheter into a blocked artery to vaporize a buildup of atherosclerotic plaque from within the vessel.

Percutaneous Atherectomy

Alternative devices for atherectomy include:

A catheter contains a sharp blade for excising plaque, a grinding bit (like a drill) sometimes used with a collection system that permits the surgeon to remove the plaque from the wall of the vessel and collect any resulting debris.


About Us

At Naadi Healthcare Oklahoma City, OK, our vascular center is filled with experienced and authorized staff to supply the most recent treatments for vascular and interventional radiology. Our center focuses on minimally invasive procedures to ensure that our patients recover as quickly as possible.

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